The Basics

Asthma with fungal sensitisation, or AFS for those who love abbreviations, is not your ordinary asthma. It’s akin to enduring typical asthma symptoms with an unexpected twist, and fungi are the central characters!

Regular Asthma:

Asthma with Fungal Sensitisation:

Why Fungi? Why Now?

Humidity and moisture often lay the foundation for fungal proliferation. Those unseen nooks in your home or even your beloved indoor plants could be fostering mould. Regrettably, for some, this mould could unlock the path to the tumultuous world of asthma with fungal sensitisation.

What fungi?

The sensitisation to these fungi can exacerbate asthma symptoms. Several fungi have been implicated in AFS, including:

  1. Aspergillus fumigatus: This is one of the most common fungi associated with AFS. It can also cause a condition known as allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) in some asthmatic patients.
  2. Alternaria: Sensitisation to this fungus has been linked with severe asthma and increased asthma-related hospitalisations.
  3. Cladosporium: This is another common outdoor mold that can exacerbate asthma symptoms in sensitised individuals.
  4. Penicillium: Often found indoors, especially in damp environments, this fungus can play a role in AFS.
  5. Botrytis: This fungus, primarily associated with plants, can also contribute to AFS in some individuals.
  6. Trichophyton: Typically linked to skin infections, it can also play a role in fungal sensitisation in asthma.
  7. Candida: Though more commonly known for causing yeast infections, it can also lead to sensitisation in some asthmatic patients.
  8. Mucor: This mold, while less common, can also be implicated in AFS.

Deciphering the Symptoms of Asthma with Fungal Sensitisation

While not every asthmatic individual exhibits sensitisation to fungi, it’s critical to distinguish AFS from standard asthma.

Treatment Insights: Tackling the Challenge

Immediate Action

Medical Interventions

Frequently Pondered Queries

  1. Is asthma with fungal sensitisation frequent? While not as prevalent as standard asthma, it’s certainly not rare. Picture it as the niche genre of respiratory disorders.
  2. Can one avert it? Partial control is feasible. Consistent cleanliness and moisture management are helpful. It’s akin to adopting spring cleaning habits year-round, but often difficult to control and medication is needed.
  3. Do regular asthma medications cater to AFS? While they can alleviate asthma symptoms, addressing the fungal component demands special attention and it is best to consult a specialist doctor.


Demystified and decoded, asthma with fungal sensitisation may sound daunting, but it’s entirely navigable. With precise knowledge and tailored treatments, this challenge is surmountable and a respiratory specialist can be of extreme help. Remember, an informed patient is an empowered one. Cherish your lungs; they’re irreplaceable!


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Disclaimer: The information provided in this article is for informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition or treatment

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