Unraveling the Intricacies of Graft-Versus-Host Disease (GvHD)

GVHD

Graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) is a complex medical condition that follows stem cell transplantation. When the newly introduced immune system turns against the host’s cells, it leads to GvHD. This occurrence can assume various forms, such as acute, chronic, progressive, or overlap, each exhibiting different severity levels. A myriad of organs, including the skin, gut, mouth,…

Smoking Cessation: Your Questions Answered

Smoking cessation

Has the decision to stop smoking finally been made? You’ve made a wise choice, and this guide will provide you with all the support and information you need on your journey to smoking cessation. We answer all your queries about quitting smoking, ranging from the hazards associated with smoking to the most effective strategies to…

Non-Tuberculous Mycobacterial infection: When to Treat?

Microbiologist Looking at NTM under microscope

As an expert in pulmonary infections, Dr Ricardo Jose, frequently encounter queries about Mycobacterium other than Tuberculosis, also known as Non-tuberculous mycobacterium (NTM). Non-Tuberculous Mycobacterial infections can be quite puzzling, not only for patients but also for other healthcare professionals. Let’s look at understanding when to treat these pulmonary infections, balancing the fine line between…

The Unravelling of Green Sputum: A Comprehensive Insight

Treatment of green sputum

Green sputum raises eyebrows and concerns alike. Let’s look into the anatomy, biochemistry, immunology, and cellular biomedicine of sputum to understand its true nature and implications. What is Sputum? Often colloquially referred to as phlegm, sputum is not just any mucus. Originating from the lungs and lower respiratory tract, sputum has a unique composition and…

Bronchiolitis Obliterans: The ‘Popcorn Lung’ Mystery

Popcorn lung

Introduction Bronchiolitis obliterans is more than just a tongue-twisting medical term. It’s a growing concern in respiratory medicine, often leaving patients and clinicians alike perplexed. Let’s unravel this respiratory enigma. Chronicles of ‘Popcorn Lung’ An odyssey into the annals of medical history reveals significant markers in the Bronchiolitis obliterans narrative. From Popcorn Factories to Lungs…

Who Should Have the Pneumococcal Vaccine?

Pneumococcal Vaccine

The pneumococcal vaccine, often colloquially referred to as the pneumonia vaccine, plays an integral role in the prevention of diseases caused by the Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria. However, it’s important to remember that this particular bacterium is not the only cause of pneumonia, a common misconception. What is the Pneumococcal Vaccine The pneumococcal vaccine targets Streptococcus…

A Guide to COPD exacerbations

Smoking - COPD exacerbations

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease s a debilitating, progressive lung disease that affects millions of people worldwide. Characterised by persistent respiratory symptoms and limited airflow, COPD can severely impact a person’s quality of life and day-to-day functioning. One of the key features of this disease is the occurrence of exacerbations – periods when symptoms become significantly…

Early Lung Cancer Detection: Screening Saves Lives

Early detection lung cancer

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Early detection through lung cancer screening is a crucial step in reducing mortality rates and improving the prognosis for individuals at risk. Here you will read about lung cancer screening, the procedures involved, and why it is essential to consult a lung specialist offering this…

7 Warning signs of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

COPD

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an umbrella term for a number of lung diseases that make breathing difficult. COPD is a massively under diagnosed disease that is the third leading cause of death in the world. COPD often leads to exacerbations that significantly impact on quality of life and increases the risk of death …

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